The causes of allergies to household chemicals. Methods of treatment
Paradoxically, many products created forhelping people, are dangerous to their health and often cause serious allergic reactions. Almost any remedy that is usually referred to a fairly wide category of household chemicals, can cause this insidious disease. And this applies to people of any age.
What kind of household products are considered to be allergens?
The products that most often cause allergic reactions include:
- washing powders;
- cleaning products for dishes and household appliances.
Allergy to household chemicals: causes
If you carefully study the composition of these funds, thenfor sure you pay attention to a lot of synthetic components that can cause an unusual reaction of the body. To aggressive elements can include such substances as:
- Chlorine. The most common component, which certainly is part of almost all bleach.
- Products of oil refining. They are part of cleaning agents for better cleaning of different surfaces.
- Phenols. They play the role of disinfectors.
- Formaldehydes. Used in sanitary facilities, to combat mold and fungi.
- Phosphates and enzymes. Indispensable components of washing powders.
- Ammonia. Used in cleaning products for mirrors and glasses.
- Nitrobenzene. Used in furniture polishes.
Allergy to household chemicals quite oftendevelops because of flavors, used in large quantities in the composition of most funds. The main task of various kinds of perfumes is to disguise the unpleasant smells of chemicals.
It must be recognized that to datethe reasons for the occurrence of this variety of allergies have not yet been fully explored, since each patient reacts to a separate provoker causing a negative reaction of the body. However, based on numerous studies, scientists have identified a number of provocative factors, to which they relate:
- imperfection or immaturity of the protective system;
- increased sensitivity to certain substances;
- long-term contact with the allergen and its penetration into the body through microcracks, wounds, pores;
- weak immunity;
- excessively thin integument.
It is necessary to understand that allergy to householdchemistry can occur not only with direct contact, but also with the inhalation of its volatile compounds. Poisonous substances that are part of industrial means, are insidious: even after the end of treatment, they often settle on surfaces, continuing its devastating effects on the body. This is especially true of people who are predisposed to this disease. In this case, particularly strong reactions occur in children, including newborns, which is associated with the immaturity of their protective system.
Allergy to household chemicals: symptoms
Specific symptoms of the disease are formedafter the penetration of chemicals into the body through the skin and getting them into the bloodstream. It is in the blood that there is contact with a dangerous stimulus of cells of the immune system. This kind of allergy runs with such symptoms:
- allergic rhinitis;
- coughing and sneezing.
To specific symptoms experts include: catarrhal, skin, intestinal and other manifestations.
Allergy to household chemicals is manifested when there isin the body of the defense system for toxic substances. Skin lesions occur against a background of severe dehydration, which, in turn, causes the formation of bruises and crusts. In this case, the covers react, showing the following symptoms:
- small rashes;
- chemical burns, causing serious damage;
Allergic dermatitis, as a rule, is manifestedin the form of separate, clearly delineated zones of redness. The disease is accompanied by severe itching and hyperthermia in the affected areas. The most common skin symptoms are allergies to household chemicals on hand.
Often, an acute allergic reaction provokesnot only contact with a dangerous substance, but also the inhalation of its odors, particles of granular substances. The compounds irritate the respiratory mucosa. In this case, the patient manifests:
- sore throat;
- spastic cough;
- swelling of the larynx;
Allergy to household chemistry in humans is manifestedin different ways, so this disease is dangerous. Some patients complain that the components of household chemistry cause them to deviate in the work of the stomach and intestines. An allergen that enters the GIT area can cause:
- nausea and vomiting;
- copious salivation;
- abdominal pain;
In this case, the duration of the reaction and the intensity of the symptoms are often determined by the individual characteristics of the organism, the concentration of allergens and a number of other factors.
Manifestations in infants
Unfortunately, the allergy to household chemicals innewborns - a fairly common phenomenon. It can manifest itself in different ways: redness and swelling, skin rashes and increased diaper rash. Often a baby has a cold, red eyes and watery eyes, a noticeable general malaise.
Symptoms of the disease in children can be seen throughseveral hours after contact with the stimulus. The newborn has symptoms throughout the body, and not only in those areas that have come into contact with clothing. Mom should pay attention to such phenomena:
- peeling and dry skin;
- redness, itching and rash;
- Bubble bubbles that burst;
- redness and tear of the eyes.
Noticing at least one of these symptoms,urgently consult a doctor. Only a specialist will establish a diagnosis and prescribe a treatment that is necessary for the baby. Allergy to household chemistry (the photo we posted in this article) in a neglected form can cause serious complications and disrupt the work of internal organs. Do not give the baby medication without consulting your doctor. Most drugs that are successfully used to treat adult patients have a negative effect on babies.
The most safe children's allergists consider the following medicines:
- "Fenistil" (drops). Suitable for a newborn from 1 month. They effectively relieve burning and itching, relieve of tearing, but with the product causes drowsiness.
- "Fenistil" (gel). Eliminates skin symptoms, but can not be used for extensive lesions. Recommended for children over one month old.
- "Zirtek" (drops). They shoot off tear and inflammation, but they have quite a few side effects, including sleep disturbance and nausea. Assign to children from six months.
Do not forget about the traditional methods of treatment. When bathing a child, add a decoction of oatmeal to the water, which will reduce irritation. Regularly make lotions on the affected skin from the string, nettle, chamomile, hops. Dry herbs brew for half an hour in a thermos bottle.
And one more important reminder for young mothers: do not stop feeding your baby with breast milk. After all, it forms the immune system, which in the future will allow your child to fight various diseases.
Diagnosis of the disease
The main way to combat allergies is the exceptioncontact with the stimulus. But first you need to identify it. Today, medicine has several basic methods that can unerringly fix the stimulus.
The complex of activities begins with a consultation withspecialist. The doctor studies the anamnesis and only after that appoints necessary, in his opinion, procedures. Usually a set of procedures is used to establish an accurate diagnosis, which includes:
- a patient interview;
- analysis of response to therapy;
- laboratory research.
In this case, the disease is diagnosed withusing special injections, the reaction to which reveals the allergen. This method is safe and painless. Injections are done in the forearm, bringing a small amount of the test substance under the skin. In one session, no more than fifteen samples can be delivered. Swelling or redness, at the site of the injection allows you to assert that there is an allergic reaction to one of the components.
Investigation of specific antibodies
This method is used to detect antibodies,which are responsible for the emergence of allergies, and identify a group of hazardous substances. The procedure is very sensitive, which allows you to get all the necessary information. For research, the patient gives blood from the vein. If the test reveals an increased level of immunoglobulin E and lymphocytes, then this indicates a general allergic organism.
Elimination and provocative tests
The above methods allow us to identifyallergens, which are the cause of the body's reaction. If they turned out to be ineffective, provocative tests are prescribed. Such procedures are carried out only in a hospital. Allergen is injected into the nasal cavity, and the body's reactions to it are examined.
Patients "with experience" know how unpleasantthere are allergy manifestations on household chemistry. Treatment of this ailment is long and it gives a successful result only if the patient constantly contacts the doctor and strictly observes all prescriptions.
The basis of therapy, as a rule, is to completely exclude contact with the allergen. Let's consider several ways of treatment.
This method of treatment does not involve the use ofdrugs. It is based on the complete exclusion of the patient's contact with irritants. Elimination treatment is necessarily included in complex allergy therapy and has no adverse reactions and contraindications.
To improve the general condition of the patient,use medicinal antiallergic drugs, which allow in the shortest possible time to eliminate dangerous reactions. It can be ointments, gels, tablets. The most effective are Suprastin, Zodak, Fenistil, Claritin, Eden. In especially severe cases, the doctor may prescribe hormonal drugs "Hydrocortisone", "Prednisolone", "Dermovayt".
Other methods of treatment (medicamentous)
We have already said that the reaction to domesticchemistry can cause disorders in the functioning of the digestive system, as well as a significant decrease in immunity, a disorder of the nervous system. When intestinal manifestations shows the reception of sorbents. Means with adsorbing properties reduce the level of intoxication, remove toxins from the body (Smecta, Enterosgel).
Itching accompanying allergic reactions, withthe presence of erosions and blisters can cause the appearance of neuroses and worsening of sleep. In this case, prescribe drugs that normalize the work of the nervous system ("Persen", "Novopassit"). To restore strength and strengthen immunity, the patient should take drugs that activate the protective system and multivitamin complexes.</ p>>