How do meningitis get infected? Myths and Reality
What is meningitis?
Inflammation of the meninges is called a commonthe term - meningitis. Meningitis causes both viruses and bacteria. Characteristically, viral meningitis is more common and more common, but has a lighter course, unlike bacterial meningitis. Often in the disease, viral meningitis is responsible for enteroviruses, herpesvirus and mumps virus.
How do they get viral meningitis? Virtually always airborne or oral-fecal route, that is, in contact with a sick person. It can be hugs and kisses, talking or being in the same room with him. However, it should be understood that you will not become infected with meningitis, as such, viral. The very same disease may not occur.
How do meningitis get infected? Who can pose a danger to a healthy person? Dangerous for others not only people with meningitis, but also so-called carriers, that is, people who do not themselves get sick, but have a potentially dangerous virus or bacterium.
Infectious meningitis in children can develop rapidly and be accompanied by such a grave condition as meningococcal sepsis - septicemia.
Symptoms of meningitis are:
- strong, sometimes intolerable headache;
- depression of consciousness;
- increase in body temperature to maximum marks;
- indomitable vomiting, etc.
Meningococcal sepsis can be recognized in the firstthe development of the disease by characteristic rashes in the form of small red spots (from dots to plaques) against a background of pale blue cilia. When the glass rod is pressed, the rash does not disappear.
There are also some characteristic symptoms of meningitis, which can be detected only by a specialist.
Only a doctor can diagnose meningitis. For a correct diagnosis, in addition to special tests to determine pathological reflexes, a number of studies are being carried out.
Effective prevention of meningitis as such does not exist. Anti-meningitis vaccines do not give 100% guarantee, as the causative agents of meningitis are great.</ p>>