/ / Pain in the knee: the reasons are numerous

Pain in the knee: the causes are numerous

The knee is the largest and very complex joint inthe human body in terms of functionality. He daily undergoes enormous physical exertion. And although this joint is quite a rather large amount, from the point of view of its structure, it is rather weak. The problem is that the knee is surrounded on all sides by strong muscles of the legs, which provide strength of movement and joint mobility. But in addition, the muscles are constantly subjected to a strong tension.

Pain in the knee is a frequent phenomenon. And it causes in most cases a feature of the anatomical structure. If we consider the knee joint from the point of view of anatomy, then in its articulation there are three basic bones: the tibia, the femoral and the patella. It is this special structure that leads to the fact that the joint is most susceptible to trauma, as well as inflammatory and degenerative processes.

Causes that can cause pain in the kneeenough. In almost all cases, pain is felt in the knee when squatting. For a start, you can call a bruise or the effects of trauma, often expressed in a complete or partial rupture of ligaments. There may be inflammation of the tendon - there are many reasons for this. One of the most common causes of pain in the knee is damage to the meniscus. It can also be an inflammation of the periarticular bag containing the fluid that washes the joint. This disease has the name "bursitis". For one reason or another, knee pain can be a consequence of synovitis when the inner lining of the joint becomes inflamed, which in turn leads to undesirable accumulation of excess fluid in the joint. Pain in the knee when squatting can be felt with some chronic inflammatory diseases: arthritis or arthrosis. With these diseases, as a rule, in addition to pain, there is also swelling, redness of the skin in the joint area, and also aggravation of pain at night. If the pain is manifested mainly when going down the stairs or while wearing weights, then there is a chance that the knee tendons become inflamed. The pain can be vascular in nature, they often occur when the circulation of the joint is disturbed and worsen, usually during a change in weather conditions or after prolonged physical exertion. Do not exclude more serious diseases, such as gout, which manifests itself in the form of severe arthritis or osteoporosis, when the human bones become so fragile that they can not withstand almost no load.

It is evident that the reasons that can causeknee pain is quite a lot. Naturally, with the slightest feeling of discomfort in the knee joint, with starting pains, it is necessary to take some actions to prevent the development of complex diseases or complications.

On the question of how to treat pain in the knee is not presentuniversal answer. There are many ways to eliminate this symptom, but it is important to know that for all specific cases, its treatment is intended. To proceed to treatment is necessary only after an accurate diagnosis, so as not to harm the knee even more. As a rule, the cause of pain is diagnosed by X-ray, arthroscopy, computer and magnetic resonance imaging.

The sooner you seek help from a specialist,all the better. Also it is not recommended to delay with the fulfillment of all the regulations. Only in this case there is an opportunity to get rid of the excruciating pains and prevent the appearance of chronic diseases. If a knee injury has occurred, then also it is not worthwhile to grab the first anesthetic drug, but to see a doctor.

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