Lump in the throat. Reasons and what to do?
A person is frightened by the sensation of a lump in the throat,because he feels: something is stuck in it. Fear is caused by assumptions about possible diseases that have such a symptom as a lump in the throat. The causes of anxiety are a concern because of the loss of the ability to initiate and control the movements of certain muscles that support the functioning of the speech apparatus, intestine, bladder, and muscles responsible for eye movements and so on. The disease is called amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS, which in English sounds like Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, ALS).
ALS or ALS is a motor diseaseneuron, was first diagnosed in 1939 in North America. The disorder is characterized by rapidly progressive weakness, atrophy of muscles and fasciculations (short-term spontaneous contraction of several muscle fibers, which manifests itself as subcutaneous flutter), muscle spasticity (increased muscle tone), speech impairment (dysarthria), swallowing difficulties (dysphagia), and in a decrease in the ability to breathe. But the emerging signs of bulbar paralysis (dysarthria and dysphagia) may not be associated with this disease.
Fear of larynx cancer is another fear thatcauses a lump in the throat. The causes of the problem, however, are less likely to be caused by a tumor. More often this sensation is caused by the presence of a foreign body, neurologic disorders, and reflux disease of the larynx (FLR). Pharyngolaryngeal reflux - throw through the esophagus, and then the upper esophageal sphincter of the contents of the duodenum or stomach into the larynx or pharynx. This very common phenomenon is accompanied by symptoms of chronic need for cleaning the throat with coughing, hoarseness, problems after applying nasal drops or other medications, pain, coughing, burning, increasing sputum.
At any age, there may be a lump in the throat. The reasons for such complaints are very often hidden in the emotional state of a person. They are caused by muscle tension caused by anxiety, stress, or depression. As a result, there is an involuntary contraction of the muscles in the person's throat, which the brain perceives as a lump in the throat due to a foreign body that has allegedly got into it. Specialists call this phenomenon, like a pharyngeus or a hysterical lump. But there are no painful sensations, the person experiences constantly annoying his discomfort. Depression and stress are today the most common causes that cause a constant lump in the throat.
Much less often the unpleasant sensation of a lump causesa hernia of the muscles of the esophageal aperture of the diaphragm, cancer, cysts, granulomas, an enlargement of the thyroid gland. The latter is possible when it becomes so large that it squeezes the esophagus. This increase is due to a lack of iodine (non-toxic goiter) or overproduction of thyroid-stimulating hormone produced by the pituitary gland. In both cases, the neck may look bloated due to an increase in the thyroid gland. But this process lasts not one year, only in this case on a neck there is a massive formation. Lesion of the mucous membrane can also cause a lump in the throat. The causes of such damage are injuries due to swallowing of sharp objects, for example, a small piece of bone.
Patients are worried when there is a lump in the throat. What should they do in this case? How to be treated? This question can be answered only by the doctor after the examinations, as a result of which he can establish an objective reason. Depending on the diagnosis, therapeutic or even surgical methods of treatment can be chosen. No self-medication or advice of traditional medicine in this case is not permissible.</ p>>