Meningitis: the first signs, late symptoms
Meningitis is a disease caused by microbes: viruses, bacteria, rarely - mushrooms. No one is immune to its appearance, but most of all children and adolescents are prone to illness, especially those who have congenital or acquired pathologies of the brain. Elderly people who have weakened immunity and chronic impairment of blood supply to the brain, also often suffer meningitis. The first signs of this disease should be known to everyone.
The virus can get to the person airborneby way of, through water and food that has not undergone sufficient thermal treatment, through insect bites, by contact. Also, being in the body for a long time, can be activated and penetrate the brain envelope from lymphocytes or nerve cells with suppressed immunity (these are herpes viruses, Epstein-Barra, cytomegalovirus). If the virus is adequately repelled by the body's defense systems, meningitis will not develop.
Bacterial meningitis most often occurs whenthe spread of the pathogen to the membranes of the brain from the ear cavity with purulent otitis, from the nose - with purulent rhinitis, from the nasal sinuses. It can be brought from the blood during sepsis, and also get directly onto the shell with a penetrating injury of the cavity of the skull or spine.
If meningitis is viral, catch it from the patientalmost impossible. The maximum that you get is a viral uncomplicated disease that will have the form of SARS, intestinal infection, herpetic rashes, as well as measles, chicken pox, mumps and other viral infections. You can get sick in the event that the immunity is very weakened or a highly aggressive pathogen is weakened. Therefore, if your child had contact with another baby in the children's team, who was subsequently found to have viral meningitis, you should know the first signs of the disease, but you should not panic because of this. You can limit yourself only to prophylactic drugs "Arbidol", "Anaferon" or "Grosprinozin". You can have a drop of interferon in the nose.
If meningitis develops as a complication of otherspurulent diseases, it is not contagious. That is, if you talked with a relative whose purulent meningitis appeared as a result of untreated or untreated otitis, sinusitis (or other sinusitis), pneumonia, you may not worry about yourself. Only one bacterium, meningococcus, which causes infectious meningitis (it is also called epidemic), can be transmitted from one person to another. The source can become a man with a meningococcal infection (it can appear as a runny nose and sore throat, maybe in the form of a rash or in the form of meningitis) or a carrier of the given bacterium. He "distributes" germs with talking, coughing and sneezing. People who have close contact with such a person are infected: relatives or children in a children's team. Among them there are outbreaks of meningitis. If you or your child have had contact with a person who has had a meningococcal infection, consult an infectious disease specialist immediately for a prophylactic antibiotic treatment - if this is shown in this case and when meningitis may occur.
The first signs and symptoms of this disease
Initial symptoms of the disease may berunny nose, malaise, weakness, cough. There may be a rash: one that will be characteristic of rubella, measles, chicken pox, herpes or herpes zoster. If there is a rash of dark red, brown or black, which does not itch and does not hurt, does not become paler when stretching the skin under it, immediately call an ambulance: it can be meningococcal meningitis, the first signs of which may appear much later.
The earliest symptoms of meningitis are:
- the appearance of a severe headache, which is temporarily removed with anesthetic preparations, increases with a sharp turn of the head, bright light, loud sounds;
elevated body temperature (mandatory sign of meningitis);
- nausea, vomiting, which occur against a background of headache, are not accompanied by diarrhea.
Later may appear: a disturbance of consciousness by the type of excitation and inadequacy, or, conversely, in the form of a state where it is difficult to awaken a person; convulsions, delirium, hallucinations. The little buds bulge out a large fontanel, they become drowsy, refuse to eat and drink, do not want to go to their arms, but lie, throwing back their head.</ p>>