/ / Lower jaw ... How to recognize and cure her dislocation?

The lower jaw ... How to recognize and cure its dislocation?

When the mouth opens, the lower jaw takesa situation in which her intraarticular disc and head pass to the back of the joint skate. This mechanism is regulated by the height of the articular tubercle, ligaments and muscles around these joints. But there are cases in which the biomechanics of the lower jaw is disrupted as a result of dislocations, that is, the head slips to the front side of the ramp.

Dislocations are both unilateral and bilateral. They arise when the mouth opens wide to yawn, burst out laughing, grab a large chunk of food, and sometimes as a result of a strong cough, vomiting, or blow to the jaw. Sometimes dislocations are formed during the treatment of teeth at the dentist, as well as during the use of the expander during the probing of the stomach.

 Lower jaw
When the lower jaw has a two-sided dislocation,a person is in such a difficult state that he can not even explain the essence of his problem, because it is difficult for him to close his mouth. Only by gestures he shows that he has pain near the ear, and also there is a strong flow of saliva from his mouth. His chin is shifted forward, therefore, the configuration of the lower part of the face is broken. If you press lightly on the chin, you can feel how the lower jaw springs and does not lend itself to it. An x-ray or osteotomy of the lower jaw detects that the hollow of the joint is empty, and the head is shifted to the front side of the ramp.

biomechanics of the lower jaw
A slightly different picture looks likeunilateral dislocation. The chin is shifted not only forward, but also in the direction with which the joint is not damaged. Teeth will not be closed only from the side of the dislocation, and the middle line of the face will lose symmetry. Dislocation to the back side of the stingal joint occurs when striking the chin. In this case, bleeding from the ear can also be observed.

In the treatment of dislocation, the procedure is appliedHippocrates. The doctor sits the patient in such a way that the area of ​​the dislocation is on the same axis as his elbow joint. Then he puts his thumbs on his large large teeth, and holds the entire lower jaw with the rest of his fingers and produces a movement opposite to the one that caused the dislocation. That is, lowers the jaw slightly down, then pulls it back and slightly lifts, setting in place the joint cavity. At the same time, his thumbs slightly press on the cheeks, stretching the chewing muscles.

osteotomy of lower jaw
With this operation, you should not make harshmovements so as not to cause pain. At the end of the procedure, you just need to raise your chin slightly and put the bandage on for five days, giving recommendations not to open your mouth wide for ten days. And in order that the working conditions of the doctor are favorable, the patient is advised to pre-enter from three to five milligrams of 2% novocaine in the jaw retaining head pterygoid muscle in the mouth.

Often the lower jaw is inflexiblepressing on the front part slightly down, and then back, which helps to move the moved joint back into place. In addition to Hippocrates, there are several modern, well-developed ways to treat dislocation.

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