Rash in children
Parents are very worried when the baby's bodythere are any rashes. Sometimes they are associated with improper skin care, but there are also more serious conditions, for example, meningococcal infection.
Rash in children can appear for many reasons, among which:
- non-infectious (insufficient skin care, allergy, blood and vascular diseases, insect bites);
- Infection (measles, rubella, scarlet fever, chickenpox and others).
Non-infectious causes of rash
1. Insufficient skin care.
Pimples or spots in the folds of the skin may appearin a very young child, this is due to the immaturity of the thermoregulatory system. The appearance of diaper rash, diaper dermatitis and sweating are susceptible to those babies who are strongly reveled, are rarely washed and left for a long time in wet diapers. The skin of small children should regularly "breathe". To do this, it is enough to leave the baby naked for a while.
Allergic rash in children is associated with immaturityimmunity. The cause may be food, cleaning and cleaning products, new toys, plants or clothes. There are spots that have an irregular shape, merge with each other and are accompanied by itching. In rare cases, the temperature rises.
Allergy may appear after the introduction of complementary foodsin the ration of the baby, the appearance of toys, clothes with a strong smell. This phenomenon of contact dermatitis. The rash in children can be from the medicine and vitamins, because they are of a chemical nature.
If you suspect any allergy, give your baby an antihistamine, exclude any contact with the allergen and seek medical attention.
3. Diseases of blood and blood vessels.
Low blood clotting and vascular pathologyis the cause of bruising or a slight pink rash on the skin even after a slight pressure. Like any bruise, the rash will change color within a few days.
If parents have noticed unconscious bruises from their babies, this is the reason for addressing a hematologist.
4. Bites of insects.
Traces from mosquito bites can appear after sleepon open areas of the body in the form of pink spots. Some children experience severe itching with such bites, so they need to be lubricated with anti-allergic gel, and also use insect repellent.
Bite a child can and scabies mite. There is a small steamy rash in the hands of the child (between the fingers, on the palms), as well as on the stomach, causing a painful itching (especially at night). Scabies are contagious, so it should be carefully treated under the guidance of a dermatologist.
Chicken pox (chickenpox). Rash in children appears after 2-3 daystemperature. First, the elements of the rash resemble a tubercle, then they turn into a vial. Over time, it dries up and becomes crusty. The rash appears long and gradually, affecting the entire surface of the body (even the scalp), causing severe itching.
Measles. The spots appear 4-5 days after the temperature,runny nose, cough and conjunctivitis, they are prone to fusion. First, the scalp, then the body, is affected, and at the end there is a rash on the legs of the child. Spots with measles do not itch, quickly disappear and leave no traces behind.
Rubella. Its difference from measles is that the rash appears abundantly throughout the body. There is also an increase in the occipital lymph nodes.
Measles, chicken pox and rubella do not require hospitalization and specific treatment. More important is the care of the child. With chickenpox, you can use antiallergic agents to eliminate itching.
To prevent children under one year of age, it is recommended to get a vaccine against measles and rubella.
Scarlet fever - more serious disease, it starts withtemperature and sore throat. And after a while the child in the natural folds of the skin appears pink rash (small-point), after which after 7-10 days on the feet and palms appears peeling.
With scarlet fever, you should always call a doctor, because antibiotics are prescribed to prevent complications. It is necessary to comply with bed rest and give the child a lot of fluids.
Children's roseola is considered a viral disease thatbegins with a rise in temperature, a loose stool with mucus. In this case, the child's condition can remain normal. The rash appears on the face, then falls on the stomach, after the disappearance of the traces does not leave and treatment of the specific does not require.
Meningococcal infection. With this disease, the elements of the rash may beonly a few, but the condition of the child is very severe, he has a high fever, vomiting and impaired consciousness. Urgent hospitalization is necessary.
Almost all of the infectious rash in children is accompanied by fever, malaise, chills and loss of appetite. There is also a sore throat, runny nose, cough, abdominal pain or diarrhea.
What if the baby has a rash?
1. Rash in children should be examined by a doctor. Before he comes, the elements of the rash can not be treated with iodine or zelenka, as this will make diagnosis more difficult.
2. If there is vomiting and unconsciousness, you need to call an ambulance.
3. Contact with other children, as well as pregnant women, before a true diagnosis is made, the sick child should be avoided.</ p>>