/ How many cantons, having united, created Switzerland? Briefly about each

How many cantons, having united, created Switzerland? Briefly about each

Switzerland is a state that iswestern part of Europe and borders with such countries as Germany, France, Austria, Liechtenstein and France. The system of administrative division of Switzerland assumes division into cantons, which, in turn, are divided into districts, and districts - into communities and cities. From this article you will learn how many cantons, having united, created Switzerland and briefly information about each of them.

Berne

The capital of the state - Bern - issimultaneously the center of the canton of the same name and the administrative center of the district of Bern-Mittelland. This city is in the central region of Switzerland, in the northern direction in relation to the Alps near the Aara river. Bern is only the fifth largest city in the country with a population of 133,900 people. The capital is also the political center of the country, here is the government, the central bank and the parliament. The territory of the canton covers an area of ​​5959 km2, and the population is almost 980 thousand people.

Very few people know how many cantons Switzerland has created, but it turns out there are only 26 of them, of which 6 are semi-cantons.

How many cantons have united to create Switzerland

Appenzell Ausserrhoden

This semi-canton is located in the northeastthe country, on its territory there is a German-speaking population. The administrative center of this region is Herisau, and the vocal courts are located in Trogen. The population of this semi-canton is about 53 thousand people, and the area is 243 km2.

Appenzell Innerroden

This is another half-canton, located in the north-east of the country. Its capital is the city of Appenzell, and the population is about 15 thousand people at a territory of 173 km2.

Argau

This canton is located in the north of the country. Its area is 1,4 thousand km2, and the population is about 573 thousand. The administrative center of this territory is of the same name with the name of the region. This is quite flat terrain, here flows the river Are, which divides the region into two parts. Here 11 districts converge, which, in turn, consist of more than two hundred municipalities.

Basel-Land

The cantons of Switzerland, whose list is presented in the article, mainly German-speaking, Basel-Land is no exception. The capital of the region is the city of Liestal, an area of ​​518 km2.

how many cantons in switzerland

Basel-Stadt

This is one of the smallest semi-cantons in Switzerland. Its capital is the city of Basel, and the territory is only 37 km2.

Valais

This is the south-western canton, the capital of which is Sion. The area of ​​the region is 5224 km2, and the population is almost 300 thousand people. The capital of the canton is located on the bank of the Rhone, and to the north-east of it is the resort of Crans-Montana.

In

It is difficult to calculate how many cantons in Switzerland, inwho are spoken in French, because it is not universally recognized as a regional language, but Bo is one of the territories where it is distributed. This region is on the third place in the entire list of Swiss regions.

Glarus

This region with the eponymous capital is located in the east of Switzerland. The canton area is 685 km2, and the population - 38 thousand inhabitants.

cantons switzerland list

Graubünden

It is the first in terms of area among the cantons of Switzerland, whose territory is 7105 km2.

Geneva

The French-speaking canton, quite smallis located in the south-west of Switzerland. The capital is the city of Geneva. The population is 448 thousand people. Canton is considered a republic, and also a subject of a confederation. This canton - the westernmost of all, small in area, is formed around the eponymous city, located on the shores of Lake Geneva. It is surrounded on all sides by French territory and only in the north-east it borders on the Swiss canton of Vaud. The Rhone River is the main water artery of the territory, originating in Lake Geneva. The area is 282 km ².

Solothurn

The German-speaking northern Switzerland of Canton. The capital is the city of Solothurn. The population is 247 thousand people. The area is 791 km ². The capital of the canton - the city of Solothurn - is considered the largest city in the country, built in the Baroque style. Located on the river Ar, at the foot of the Jurassic Mountains.

Lucerne

The answer to the question, how many cantons, having united,created Switzerland, very simple, there were 26 of them, and one of the largest of them is Lucerne. This is a German-speaking territory, the area of ​​which is almost one and a half thousand kilometers2, with a population of 351 thousand people.

Neuchatel

This is the western canton of Switzerland, named after the capital. The area of ​​the region is 803 km2, and the population - 167 thousand people.

Nidwalden

One of the central semi-cantons, the capital of which is the city of Stans. Most of the region is surrounded by mountains, and on the north side is Lake Lucerne.

Obwalden

It is a small German-speaking semi-canton in the central part of the state. The area is slightly less than 500 km2, and the number of residents is only 32.7 thousand.

St. Gallen

It is one of the largest cantons in Switzerland,the area of ​​which is just over two thousand kilometers, and the population almost reaches half a million. This region shares borders with Liechtenstein and Austria.

how many cantons created Switzerland

Ticino

This is the Italian-speaking region of Switzerland, which is located in the south of the country with its capital in the city of Bellinzona. Here is the city of Lugano, which is a tourist center.

Thurgau

The area of ​​this canton is 991 km2, and the population - 228 thousand people. It is located in the north of the state, and its capital is Frauenfeld.

Uri

It is one of the small cantons in the central part of the country.

Friborg

This is the canton, which has exclaves in the territory of Vaud. It is located in the west of the country, east of Neuchatel Lake.

Zug

This is a German-speaking canton, located in the central part of the country. This is the smallest region of Switzerland, its area is 239 km2.

Zurich

This region is located in the north-east of the country, its area is 1,729 km2, and the population - 1 million 227 thousand people.

Schaffhausen

This is the northern canton with the eponymous capital, whose area is 298 km2. It is here that the Rhine Falls and Kesslerloch are located.

Schwyz

A small canton in the central part of the country, along its territory flows the river Zil.

Yura

The answer to the question, how many cantons, having united, created Switzerland, until recently was different, because Jura is the newest region of Switzerland.

Switzerland is a country with a complexadministrative division. It includes many regions and territories, which gradually joined the total area of ​​the country. To date, the answer to the question of how many cantons, having united, created Switzerland, will be the number 26, as we already mentioned earlier. And 6 of them are half cantons.

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