Myths of the ancient Slavs
The mythology of the Slavs is extremelyan interesting and cognitive phenomenon. Despite the fact that, in a number of its manifestations, it shares similar features with the same ancient or Scandinavian mythology, the Slavic belief system is a completely unique set of knowledge, legends and traditions concerning all major issues of the world order.
Myths of the ancient Slavs have already reached us in a highly reworked form. Since unlike the same ancient Greeks, the writing of these peoples appeared already at the end of their pagan history.
At the same time, it is of interest that,despite the ethnic and religious diversity, the Slavs managed to preserve the common features and representations characteristic of their distant ancestors up to now. The most striking example of this is the tradition of incineration, symbolizing the end of winter.
Of great interest is the early Slavic mythology, the gods in which formed a kind of pantheon, in which there are three main levels:
1. The highest level was "populated" by those deities on whom all living things on the Earth depended - Svarog, personifying Heaven, Earth and their children - Perun, Fire and Dazhdbog;
2. On an average level, the myths of the ancient Slavs placed those gods who "answered" for the development of a tribe, as well as for all economic activities: Rod, Chur and others;
3. The lowest level was made up of creatures that "controlled" certain spheres of the environment-leshies, goblins, ghouls, mermaids.
Myths of the ancient Slavs focused on the problem of the origin and development of the world, as well as the veneration of their long-dead and legendary ancestors.
Like most other nations, the Slavs had a god-thunderer, Perun, who, in a number of tribes, represented Heaven as well.
Other tribes, the god of Heaven, considered Svarog, who nominally occupied the highest position in the hierarchy.
One of the most revered gods was Svarog's brother Veles, whose main task was to protect cattle and promote the accumulation of wealth in the clan and tribe.
Since the myths of the ancient Slavs in their mainthe masses were formed, most likely, even before the Slavic tribes were formed, they did not require the introduction of any special cults and rituals, our ancient ancestors and the developed priestly class did not.
In Russia, the first idols appeared only underthe influence of the Varangians and were devoted mainly to the main deities - Perun, Dazhdbog and Khors. With the adoption of Christianity, all these idols were dropped from the hills and destroyed.
The main feature of Slavic mythology wasa close relationship of the real world with the lower-level beings who lived everywhere, then helping people, then hindering them. Constant communication with the shores, the woodsmen, the house-workers made everyday life more complex and mysterious, and all unusual phenomena immediately found a lot of interpretations. As for the gods of the middle and upper level, here people only had to listen attentively to their desires, resignedly fulfilling their will. The fear of the forces of nature and the wrath of our ancestors was so great that various festivals were dedicated to them, some of which have survived to this day.</ p>>