Today, China is developing rapidly. The cities of this country have changed so much that a person who visited here only 10 years ago would not know the place where he used to be. Despite such rapid growth, the Chinese honor and remember the ancient traditions and regularly celebrate their traditional holidays.
The calendar system in this country already operatedin the middle of the 2nd millennium BC. The lunar phases were taken for the unit of measurement. Each dynasty of emperors introduced its own chronology and holidays.
In modern China, official holidaysis the New Year, the Teacher's Day (celebrated on September 10), the Day of the Chinese People's Army (August 1), the Spring Festival, March 8, Youth Day (May 4), May 1, China Day (October 1).
Despite the fact that people live on a solar calendar, China's national holidays are closely related to the phases of the moon. New Year falls on the 1st
New Moon in the year, when the Gregorian calendar was introduced, it was renamed
Spring Festival. On this day, the Chinese are making noisy feasts, launching
firecrackers and crackers. Chinese holidays are colorful, on days
Only good words are pronounced.
Since the time of the Han Dynasty, the FeastLanterns, which are celebrated at the end of February. Throughout the country, the Chinese escorted the souls of their ancestors to another world, lighting millions of small lanterns. Modern Chinese holidays have absorbed and Western traditions - at the same time celebrate Valentine's Day.
On April 5, there is a Memorial Day, in which the Chinese burn
fake bills, take away the graves of their ancestors and bring gifts to each other. In that
it is impossible to build a fire and warm food. Chinese holidays are closely related to ancient mythology. One of them is the Dragon Boat Festival, celebrated in the fifth month of the lunar calendar. Children around the neck are wearing colorful amulets, filled with wormwood and depicting a tiger. According to beliefs, the amulet brings good luck and drives away evil spirits. Modern China, which celebrates holidays on a wide and large scale, this day hosts numerous competitions between boats, whose forage and nose are decorated with stylized dragons.
In September, the Harvest Festival is celebrated. Like many Chinese holidays, this
originated in the era of the Tang Dynasty and still occupies a prominent place in the
calendar. On this day, according to tradition, the Chinese bake special sweet buns and
light of the moon read poetry. Complement the solemn moment of the fragrance of blooming
cassia. It is also accepted to bake cakes, in which small notes with
wishes of happiness and good. The dough is made from crushed sesame seeds and grains
lotus. Throughout the country colored paper lanterns are lit, and lovers are praying
moon to connect them together forever.
Along with national holidays, eachthe province has its own celebrations. Many national minorities also celebrate their own holidays. For example, the Daiyts celebrate the Day of Water, the Iyane celebrate the Feast of burning torches, the baisers arrange the "March Bazaars." The Mongols, who live in China, celebrate "Nadom", miaotyane "Tiahohua." In Tibet celebrate their own New Year. Almost all Chinese people celebrate Confucius Day. This philosopher had a very great influence on the development of Chinese civilization. For many centuries Confucianism was a state ideology, and now it does not lose its positions. Despite the fact that there are many different religions and beliefs in the country, this holiday is celebrated by the Chinese everywhere.
One of the modern Chinese holidays is the DayThe journalist, who was established in 2004. In all autonomous regions and provinces, the country holds solemn events. Leading Chinese journalists are turning to the intelligentsia on this day for their support in building a harmonious society.</ p>>